Know Your Body Type


The Three Body Types

Body type influences how you respond to diet and training. Understand your body type in order to plan your muscle building training and diet program.

Women naturally have more fat than men, The body-fat ranges for optimal health are 14% to 30% for women and 6% to 25% for men.


The ectomorph is easy to distinguish – he is often below the average weight for their height and with a skinny appearance. Ectomorph tends to have a high metabolism and is complaining of relentless eating with no weight gain.

Appearance characteristics

  • Skinny appearance
  • Low body fat
  • Narrow frame (“pencil frame”)
  • Narrow hips and clavicles
  • Small joints (wrist/ankles)
  • Thin build
  • Stringy muscle bellies
  • Long limbs
  • Small chest and buttocks

Comportment characteristics

  • Hyperactive
  • Fast metabolism
  • Can eat whatever they want
  • Get full easily
  • Difficulty building muscle
  • Difficulty gaining weight

Ectomorph can easily lose fat but also can hardly gain muscle. The very special diet is needed to maintain or to gain weight.


  • Eat at least 6 – 7 meals a day, break calories up into several small meals if impossible to stomach big meals
  • Eat at least 50-60% carbohydrates compare to total daily calories amount
  • Eat high density foods such as almonds, avocado, peanut butter, nuts
  • Eat junk foods you enjoy, even unhealthy (in moderation)
  • Use high calories weight gainers to add calories, with milk if well digested


  • Heavy train weights, use sets of 5-10 repetitions
  • Take long rest breaks (because of high weights used)
  • Do compound lifts (squat, dead lift, bench press, rows, pull-ups, chin-ups, military press and overhead press) to solicit as much muscle groups as possible.
  • Do not do cardio (or short high intensity sessions only).
  • Bruce Lee is a perfect example of an ectomorph body type.


The mesomorph is someone between the ectomorph and the endomorph and as such, displays qualities from both. He seems to put on muscle just by looking at weights, and he is maintaining a lean physique despite a high calories amount.  He has a larger bone structure then the endomorph does, but a low body fat percentage as the ectomorph one. The perfect body type that everybody wants to have.

Appearance characteristics

  • Wide clavicles – as well as shoulders
  • Symmetrical build
  • Narrow waist
  • Thinner joints
  • Long and round muscle bellies
  • Small waist
  • Low body fat
  • Large musculature

Comportment characteristics

  • Seems to put on muscle easily
  • Seems to burn fat easily
  • Eats in moderation


  • Eat at max 40-50% carbohydrates compare to total daily calories amount
  • Portion meals carefully, using scale to be precise: the perfect body type needs perfect nutrition to progress
  • Break meals into 5-6 small meals throughout the day
  • Eat enough calories and protein contain to maintain muscle mass


  • Mix heavyweight and moderate weight sessions
  • Train using 8-12 repetition reps
  • 30 seconds up to 1 min rest periods between sets
  • Enough cardio to stay lean, short periods (20-30 minutes after workout is a good value)
  • Arnold Schwarzenegger and Sylvester Stallone are perfect examples of mesomorph body type.


The endomorph body type is the complete opposite of an ectomorph. He is larger in appearance, owning a heavier fat accumulation and little muscle definition. It is hard for him to drop the fat, even using several hard diets, workout programs and lot of cardio, but putting on muscle tissue is a game.

Appearance characteristics

  • Is a block
  • Thick rib cage
  • Wide/thicker joints
  • Hips as wide (or wider) than clavicles
  • Short limbs
  • Large amount of fat accumulation
  • Large skeleton
  • Low muscle definition due to adipose tissue

Comportment characteristics

  • Often fatigue easily
  • Insatiable appetite – eat large meals or several smaller sized meals
  • Need to try many diets and workouts to find the best
  • Workouts to failure
  • Don’t  seem to drop weight easy


  • Need to portion meals appropriately – scale is mandatory
  • Eat at max 20-30% carbohydrates compare to total daily calories amount
  • Eat non processed foods and whole grains
  • Eat tons of vegetables to be full
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Long diet plan is the only working
  • Divide the daily caloric intake into 5-6 meals
  • To lose fat, take in 200-500 calories less than the maintance caloric intake


  • Train using sets with 15 and more repetitions
  • Take 30-45 second for rest periods between sets
  • Do as much cardio as possible! After workout as well as at morning on empty stomach
  • Do also compound lifts (squat, dead lift, bench press, rows, pull-ups, chin-ups, military press and overhead press) at every workout to burn more calories
  • Jennifer Lopez is the perfect example of endomorph body type.

Body Type Combinations

Too often, people are presenting some mixed characteristics; they are a combination of the above three body types. It is rare to be one of the “pure breeds” we described. You need to analyze your physical and comportment characteristics, using the explanation of body types done above, to understand your precise body type (or mix of). You can be a Ecto-Meso or a Endo-Meso….but you’ll discover with practice, knowledge and hard work that the transformation from one body type to another is entirely possible.



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